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大众汽车保养小常识

来源:http://www.sdjnltqf.com发布时间:2017-08-24 11:49:00

一、 发动机油量检查
Engine oil quantity check
将车辆停放在水平的路面上。拔出游标尺检查机油量,油亮若在F和L两个标线之内,则属于正常范围,若低于L位。则应添加指定型号的机油,加油后的液面不能高于F位。
Park the vehicle on a horizontal road surface. Pull out ruler to check the amount of oil, oily if within F and L two markings, belongs to the normal range, if less than L. The oil of the specified type shall be added, and the liquid level after refueling shall not be higher than F.
二、发动机冷却液液面检查
Two. Engine coolant level check
发动机在热机状态时,千万不要打开散热器盖,否则可能会被溅出的冷却液或高温蒸气烫伤。等发动机冷却后,检查冷却液的液面应处于满位和低位之间,否则应加蒸馏水或纯净水或冷冻液,加水后的液面高度不能超过满位。如发现短时间内冷却液减少的很快,应检查冷却系统是否有泄漏或到维修站去检查。
The engine in the engine state, do not open the radiator cap, otherwise you may be cooling liquid or steam burn out. When the engine is cooled, check that the coolant level should be between full and low. Otherwise, distilled water or pure water or refrigerant shall be added. The level of the liquid after adding water shall not exceed the full height. If the cooling fluid is found to decrease rapidly in a short period of time, check that the cooling system is leaking or check at the service station.
三、 制动液面的检查
Three. Check the brake fluid level
制动也在高、低位之间则表示正常。如果制动液接近下限或低于下限则表示系统中可能有泄漏或制动蹄片磨损过多,应及时到维修站进行检修。 补加制动液时,要注意加同一种型号的制动液,防止损坏皮碗,注意保护好油漆防止腐蚀漆面。
Braking is also between high and low, which means normal. If the brake fluid is close to the lower limit or lower than the lower limit, it means that the system may leak or brake shoes wear too much, should be in time to the maintenance station for maintenance. When adding brake fluid, we should pay attention to the same type of brake fluid, prevent damage to the leather bowl, pay attention to protect the paint, prevent corrosion paint.
四、 离合器总泵液面的检查
Four 、 check the liquid level of the clutch master pump
离合器液面介于高、低液面间则表示正常,如果低于标准线,则可能是总泵或分泵皮碗损坏。在发动机运行状态下将出现挂档难或无法挂档的现象,请即时到就近的维修站检修。
The clutch fluid level is between high and low liquid level, which means normal. If it is lower than the standard line, it may be damaged by the main pump or pump leather bowl. In the engine running condition, it will appear difficult or unable to hang up the gear. Please check it to the nearest service station immediately.
五、 蓄电池的保养检查
Five 、 maintenance inspection of battery
检查蓄电池固定是否牢固,电解液应在上限和下限之间,接近下线时应及时补加电解液或蒸馏水至高位线。保持蓄电池正负电缆接触良好,并保持蓄电池清洁干燥。放置时间较长的车辆要摘下蓄电池的正负极电缆,相隔半个月左右重新接线起动发动机约20分钟后,如果电量明显不足要及时充电。
Check whether the battery is firm, the electrolyte should be between the upper and lower limit, close to the assembly line, should be in time to add electrolyte or distilled water to the high line. Keep the battery positive and negative cable in good contact, and keep the battery clean and dry. When the vehicle is placed longer, the positive and negative cable of the battery should be removed. The engine should be connected again for about half a month, and the engine should be started in about 20 minutes. If the amount of electricity is obviously insufficient, the battery should be charged in time.
六、 轮胎的检查
Six, tire inspection
每月应在常温下检查一下轮胎气压,如果低于正常标准应及时补充轮胎气压。气压不能过高或过低,否则影响驾驶的安全性。
The tire pressure should be checked at room temperature every month. If the tire pressure is lower than the normal standard, the tire pressure should be added in time. Air pressure can not be too high or too low, otherwise it will affect the safety of driving.
七、 皮带的检查
Seven, belt inspection
起动发动机或平时驾驶车辆时,皮带发响,一种情况是皮带长期没有检查调整造成,按正常标准调整即可。另一种情况是皮带老化,需更换。
When starting the engine or driving the vehicle at ordinary times, the belt is noisy. In one case, the belt is not checked and adjusted for a long time, and can be adjusted according to the normal standard. Another case is the belt aging, need to change.
八、 空气滤清器的检查
Eight. Check the air filter
空气滤清器过脏会引起发动机工作不良、油耗过大,损坏发动机等,检查空气滤清器时,若发现灰尘较少,堵塞较轻,可用高压空气从内向外吹净,继续使用。过脏的空气滤清器应及时更换。
Dirty air filter will cause the engine working poor, fuel consumption is too large, damage to the engine, check the air filter, if found less dust, blocking the light, use the high pressure air from the inside out blowing, continue to use. The dirty air filter should be replaced in time.
九、 火花塞的检查
Nine. Check the spark plug
正常的火花塞绝缘陶瓷完好。没有破裂漏电现象,火花塞间隙0.8+-0.0mm放电时,火花呈蓝色,较强。若发现异常需进行调整间隙或更换火花塞。
The normal spark plug insulation ceramic is intact. There is no breakdown and leakage. When the spark gap 0.8+-0.0mm discharges, the spark is blue and stronger. If abnormal is found, adjust the gap or replace the spark plug.
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Our company has won high recognition from our customers for its high quality products, stable and reliable quality, reasonable and fair price, and professional and considerate service. And we look forward to seeing you.

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